Let's talk Chlamydia! Chlamydia is a bacteria that is transmitted through the mucous membranes during sex. An infection can cause inflammation and, if left untreated, can lead to infertility in the long term.
No symptoms, but still transmissible? That's the tricky part. A chlamydia infection often runs its course without symptoms or with only very mild symptoms. That is why it is also one of the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infections in Germany.
💡 Chlamydia can colonize the rectum (through anal intercourse)
💡 Chlamydia can colonize the throat (through oral sex)
💡 They cause inflammation of the genital tract, urethra and rectum
💡 The resulting inflammation of the mucous membrane makes HIV more easily transmissible
Infections often go unnoticed for a long period of time and, in women, can ascend to the fallopian tubes, causing inflammation and infertility. In men, chlamydia can also ascend from the urethra into the prostate and epididymis and cause inflammation there.
Those who have an active sex life with changing partners should seek advice on regular chlamydia testing.
Chlamydia is usually transmitted through vaginal and anal sex. The use of shared sex toys can also be a transmission route. Basically, you can become infected whenever your mucous membranes come into unprotected contact with the mucous membrane or body fluid of your sexual partner who is infected with chlamydia.
The mucous membranes of these organs may be affected by chlamydia:
Vagina, Fallopian tube
Often, chlamydia infections proceed without any recognizable symptoms. But when symptoms do appear, they like to express themselves as follows:
Itching and paps during urination
Heavy menstrual bleeding or intermenstrual bleeding (when infection moves into the uterus, fallopian tubes, and abdominal cavity)
Pain in the testicles
If transmitted by oral sex, chlamydia can also colonize the throat, but does not cause disease there and usually disappears after a few weeks.
Sex is beautiful and it should stay that way! That's why we at s.a.m Health have made it our mission to give you more security when you're having sex on a regular basis.
The new test method allows the bacteria to be detected just a few days after infection.
There are two sure ways to detect chlamydial infection:
The Chlamydia urine test: The urine test uses the first stream urine
The chlamydia swab test: The swab is used vaginally, anally or in the throat
If you are not quite sure how to perform such a test correctly - no problem! We have a special page for sample collection instructions.
To test you for chlamydia, there are basically two different methods that we want to explain to you:
💡 Here, the pathogens are detected directly in the sample collections.
💡 The swabs or urine are examined in the laboratory for the genetic material of the bacteria
💡 This method is also known as PCR test
💡 It represents the most common and best (since most sensitive) detection method
💡 For this method a blood sample is needed
💡 Here we test for the antibodies of a chlamydia infection
💡 Antibodies remain detectable long after the infection has healed
💡 But it can take several weeks before antibody formation can be detected in the blood.
💡 The procedure is not suitable for diagnosing an infection that requires treatment
Of course, it all depends on who you get tested by. We have put together a list of different options for you.
Gynecologist or urologist: Women can take a chlamydia test free of charge at a gynecologist up to the age of 25, which is covered by health insurance. After that, the offer costs between 10-20€ per test.
General practitioner: You can also take a chlamydia test here. But be careful: Only if risks are described in the sexual history or if symptoms are present, the health insurance will cover the costs.
Rapid test at home: You can usually get this chlamydia test at the pharmacy and perform it at home. Unfortunately, this type of test is not so reliable regarding the result.
Send-in test with s.a.m health: This is also called a home test with laboratory evaluation. Here you also perform the test at home, but you send the samples to a laboratory. There, tests and evaluation are performed by medical professionals using the latest medical technology. The first test kit costs 75€. All subsequent test kits cost 59€.
Attention! The s.a.m health test, other submission tests or home tests are not suitable if you have symptoms. In this case you should always consult a doctor.
Last but not least - how do you get rid of chlamydia now? The classic treatment of a chlamydia infection is antibiotics and lasts one week.
We also have Good News: The earlier the infection is detected, the better - so late effects can be prevented.